The recent FAO State of Food Insecurity report estimates that more than 800 million people worldwide experience hunger – alarmingly, that is 1 in 8 people. Ironically, more than 40% of these individuals are small scale farmers who depend on natural resources for their survival.
Achieving food security, defined by the FAO as “all people, at all times, having physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences”, has been the guiding concept to address the issue of global hunger and poverty since the 1970s. However, over the past two decades, a growing movement of millions of peasants, small and medium-size farmers, landless people, women farmers, indigenous people, migrants and agricultural workers from around the world, mobilized under the name Via Campesina, translated as ‘the peasant way’, are calling for an alternative vision—food sovereignty. Continue reading