PH301 Public Health & Health Policy (Summer, Fall)
In the United States, we spend vast resources on health care and lag behind other developed countries in measures of health. Students will examine current health issues and barriers to improving health, as well as identify credible sources of health information to understand health topics such as preventing obesity, vaccines, global tobacco use, alcohol, environmental health topics, emerging infectious diseases, and access to health care. Students will learn about the compelling need for creative and multidisciplinary solutions, and how stronger policies to improve the health of the public might be accomplished.
PH302 Epidemiology I (Summer, Fall)
Epidemiology methods give us a framework in which we can order these complex relationships into information that can be used to improve population health. Students will learn how to define populations and estimate the distribution of health related conditions and their determinants. We will apply epidemiology methods to surveillance, screening and study design, and understand how to assess causality and control for factors that may mask our ability to find a relationship between an exposure and a health outcome.
PH303 Biostatistics I: Applied Research in Public Health (Spring, Summer, Fall)
Includes biostatistics, research designs, and qualitative approaches with an emphasis on evaluating research articles in public health. The course is based on real world applied research needs and how those needs can best be met. Discussion and critiques of published articles, presentations by the instructor and working with example qualitative and quantitative data sets. The course will be divided into 12 modules. Requirements include critiques of articles and situations presented by the instructor, mandatory participation in chat/blog based discussions, and developing a research proposal for an applied research project.
PH304 Environmental Public Health I (Fall, Spring)
Students will explore major areas of environmental public health (EPH), including environmental hazards, exposures, and related health outcomes, including emerging topics in environmental public health. Students will learn how to evaluate the burden of disease due to a particular exposure; critique an environmental public health article to make conclusions and recommendations; design questions for a brief public health survey; recognize the role of environment and environmental health organizations; write a grant proposal for a public health project.
PH305 Policy Org & Financing of Health Care (Summer) (Satisfies the same core requirement as PH317. Only one course will count towards degree)
Provides an overview of health care policies, organizational structures, and financing systems examined from economic, social, ethical, political, and global perspectives. Financing of health care systems will also be examined with respect to concepts and principles of change theory, ethical decision making, policy processes and analysis.
PH317 Management in Health Services and Medical Care (Summer 2017, Spring) (Satisfies the same core requirement as PH305. Only one course will count towards degree)
Addresses major issues, challenges and opportunities faced by health services managers and practitioners relating to established and evolving social, public health, regulatory & legislative, economic, and professional policies. Focuses on the performance of the US health system on health access, quality and cost. Perspectives of consumers, employers, providers, insurers, public health agencies and health policy makers are considered.
*Please note this list is subject to change based upon instructional availability. The following courses are examples of electives that have been previously offered by the UVM Public Health program.
PH306 Social and Behavioral Aspects of Public Health (Summer 2017, Spring)
Addresses the behavioral, social and cultural factors related to individual and population health, and health disparities over the life course.
PH307 Epidemiology II (Spring, Fall)
This course builds upon PH302 Epidemiology 1 which introduced students to the basic concepts of epidemiology. Epidemiology 2 allows a more in depth examination of epidemiologic methods and the application of those methods in carrying out various types of epidemiologic studies.
Prerequisite: PH302: Epidemiology 1, PH303: Biostatistics 1
PH308 Environmental Public Health II (Spring, Fall 2018)
Building on PH304 Environmental Public Health 1, students will examine populations at higher risk for environmental health effects, as well as explore cross-cutting and emerging environmental health topics that affect global populations. Students will practice skills such as exposure assessment and risk communication that are necessary for public health practice in a variety of settings.
Prerequisite: PH304 Environmental Public Health 1
PH309 Public Health Biostatistics II (Spring)
This is an advanced applied research methods course with the main goal of helping students understand and apply multivariate regression analyses, nonparametric methods, survival analysis and advanced concepts with confounding and effect modification. Emphasis is placed on the critical thinking that goes into using and interpreting data in public health applications.
Prerequisite: PH303: Biostatistics 1
PH310 Public Health Law and Ethics (Fall)
Public health law examines the government’s authority, at various jurisdictional levels, to improve the health of the general population within societal limits and norms. Public health ethics seek to understand and clarify principles and values that guide public health actions, offering a framework for making decisions and a means of justifying them.
PH 311 Global Public Health (Spring)
Explores global public health and global health challenges affecting people primarily in developing or resource-constrained countries. Cultural competency concepts will be embedded. Examine basic principles of global public health, culture and health behavior, social determinants of health, the burden of disease (infectious, chronic, mental health), reproductive health, complex humanitarian emergencies, and global health agencies and collaborations.
PH312 Public Health and Food Systems (Summer)
Eating is an everyday act for most of us, one that profoundly affects our health and wellbeing. As we face an unprecedented obesity epidemic with associated chronic diseases, our food systems are becoming increasingly consolidated, globalized and complex. Students will explore food systems’ influence on public health, and how technology, policy, biology, epidemiology, and historical knowledge can support a healthier food system.
PH314 Environmental Risk & Communication (Fall)
Risk assessment is a scientific approach to identifying and quantifying risks to public health and the environment. Communicating health risk in relation to environmental issues is complicated by social, economic, political and scientific factors. This course explores theory, policy and techniques for environmental risk communication from the viewpoints of government, industry, special interest groups, and the general public.
PH315 Public Health Surveillance: Tracking Health Behaviors and Disease (Fall)
Surveillance of infectious and non-infectious diseases, as well as health behaviors and population characteristics, is fundamental to nearly all fields of modern public health practice. By definition, public health surveillance is the “ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of outcome-specific data for use in the planning, implementation, and evaluation of public health practice” (CDC/ATSDR). To understand the practice of surveillance, students will examine many examples of surveillance systems from the developed and developing world with emphasis on U.S. State and Federal systems.
Prerequisite: PH302 Epidemiology 1
PH318 Improving Health of Patients and Populations (Summer)
This course uses population health as a context to develop students’ knowledge and appreciation of the impact of chronic conditions and social determinants, including culture, on health, linking care of individual patients and populations. Students will discover how social determinants of health (related to “place”) impact the health of populations and individual patients. Finally, students will apply these principles to the specific chronic conditions prevalent in the population of individuals over the age of 65, and evidence-based strategies to prevent and manage disease in this population.
PH319 Environmental Public Health Law and Policy (Spring)
This course provides a comprehensive overview of the major U.S. environmental public health laws and the approaches, strategies, standards, and enforcement techniques by which American law protects our environmental and our health. The focus of the course is on what law consists of, who makes it, how it is made, and how it is enforced. Students will be introduced to the major environmental laws and will evaluate issues, controversies, and developments in environmental health policy.
PH322 One Health: Zoonoses (Fall 2017)
Zoonoses and vector-borne disease account for the majority of emerging and re-emerging diseases, and most bioterrorism agents are zoonotic. The role of other animals as reservoirs and transmitters of disease requires consideration of human, animal and environmental factors. In this course, students will examine the drivers that influence infection in animals and humans including: weather and climate, land use, biodiversity, poverty, globalization, domestication, population pressure, and anthropogenic change.
PH324 Public Health Informatics (Fall)
Public Health Informatics is an emerging field that seeks to employ information technology tools and methods in order to address public health challenges and improve public health practice. Because data is the currency of public health professionals, informatics is essential to successful and efficient completion of public health goals given its fundamental role in every step of the data life cycle: collection, storage, analysis, representation and dissemination.
PH325 Investigating Disease Outbreaks (Fall)
Field epidemiology is the term used for the investigation of outbreaks that are creating current, urgent health problems, and to inform the selection and implementation of appropriate interventions. In conducting such investigations, epidemiologists work with colleagues from a variety of disciplines (e.g., laboratory science, environmental health, communications, clinical medicine, governmental agencies). Students will gain insight to the importance of understanding outbreak investigation principles for health professionals working in these settings.
PH326 Legal Issues in Health Care (Spring)
This course provides students with an overview of the legal environment as it affects the provision of health care. Utilizing court decisions and other law, the course explores medical malpractice, negligence, liability (physician, product, and corporate), intellectual property, criminal aspects of health care, patient consent and rights, health care reform, and compliance with such laws as Medicaid, Medicare, and HIPAA.
PH327 Climate Change and Human Health (Spring)
Following an introduction to climate science, this course explores the associated health risks, including respiratory disease, vector-borne disease, food-borne disease, malnutrition, mental health, and disaster-related illness. Students explore how these changing health risks vary by geography and socio-demographics resulting in differences in population vulnerabilities.
PH328 Epidemiology for Practice (Spring)
Epidemiology is the basic science of understanding disease and health at the population level. This course is designed to teach students basic concepts and terminology of epidemiology and how epidemiology is used in determining causes of disease, public health practice, and healthcare delivery. The focus is less on detailed mathematical analyses and more on applications of epidemiologic principles. This course is ideal for health administrators, health care and public health practitioners, and students seeking an introduction to epidemiology.
PH329 Global Health Law, Ethics, and Policy
This course systematically defines the burgeoning field of global health law, emphasizing the need for effective global governance for health. Policies that shape agriculture, trade and the environment have long-term impacts on health, and the course examines major reforms of global health institutions and governments to ensure better coordination, more transparency and accountability. Case studies on AIDS, influenza, tobacco and health worker migration illustrate the power of global health law.