PH301 Public Health & Health Policy (Summer, Fall)
In the United States, we spend vast resources on health care and lag behind other developed countries in measures of health. Students will examine current health issues and barriers to improving health, as well as identify credible sources of health information to understand health topics such as preventing obesity, vaccines, global tobacco use, alcohol, environmental health topics, emerging infectious diseases, and access to health care. Students will learn about the compelling need for creative and multidisciplinary solutions, and how stronger policies to improve the health of the public might be accomplished.
PH302 Epidemiology 1 (Summer, Fall)
Epidemiology methods give us a framework in which we can order these complex relationships into information that can be used to improve population health. Students will learn how to define populations and estimate the distribution of health related conditions and their determinants. We will apply epidemiology methods to surveillance, screening and study design, and understand how to assess causality and control for factors that may mask our ability to find a relationship between an exposure and a health outcome.
PH303 Biostatistics I: Applied Research in Public Health (Spring, Summer, Fall)
Includes biostatistics, research designs, and qualitative approaches with an emphasis on evaluating research articles in public health. The course is based on real world applied research needs and how those needs can best be met. Discussion and critiques of published articles, presentations by the instructor and working with example qualitative and quantitative data sets. The course will be divided into 12 modules. Requirements include critiques of articles and situations presented by the instructor, mandatory participation in chat/blog based discussions, and developing a research proposal for an applied research project.
PH304 Environmental Public Health I (Fall, Spring)
Students will explore major areas of environmental public health (EPH), including environmental hazards, exposures, and related health outcomes, including emerging topics in environmental public health. Students will learn how to evaluate the burden of disease due to a particular exposure; critique an environmental public health article to make conclusions and recommendations; design questions for a brief public health survey; recognize the role of environment and environmental health organizations; write a grant proposal for a public health project.
PH305 Policy Org & Financing of Health Care (Summer) (Satisfies the same core requirement as PH317. Only one course will count towards degree)
Provides an overview of health care policies, organizational structures, and financing systems examined from economic, social, ethical, political, and global perspectives. Financing of health care systems will also be examined with respect to concepts and principles of change theory, ethical decision making, policy processes and analysis.
PH317 Management in Health Services and Medical Care (Summer 2017, Spring) (Satisfies the same core requirement as PH305. Only one course will count towards degree)
Addresses major issues, challenges and opportunities faced by health services managers and practitioners relating to established and evolving social, public health, regulatory & legislative, economic, and professional policies. Focuses on the performance of the US health system on health access, quality and cost. Perspectives of consumers, employers, providers, insurers, public health agencies and health policy makers are considered.
*Please note this list is subject to change based upon instructional availability. The following courses are examples of electives that have been previously offered by the UVM Public Health program.
PH306 Social and Behavioral Aspects of Public Health (Summer 2017, Spring)
Addresses the behavioral, social and cultural factors related to individual and population health, and health disparities over the life course.
PH307 Epidemiology 2 (Spring, Fall)
This course builds upon PH302 Epidemiology 1 which introduced students to the basic concepts of epidemiology. Epidemiology 2 allows a more in depth examination of epidemiologic methods and the application of those methods in carrying out various types of epidemiologic studies.
Prerequisite: PH302: Epidemiology 1, PH303: Biostatistics 1
PH308 Environmental Public Health 2 (Spring, Fall 2018)
Building on PH304 Environmental Public Health 1, students will examine populations at higher risk for environmental health effects, as well as explore cross-cutting and emerging environmental health topics that affect global populations. Students will practice skills such as exposure assessment and risk communication that are necessary for public health practice in a variety of settings.
Prerequisite: PH304 Environmental Public Health 1
PH309 Public Health Biostatistics II (Spring)
This is an advanced applied research methods course with the main goal of helping students understand and apply multivariate regression analyses, nonparametric methods, survival analysis and advanced concepts with confounding and effect modification. Emphasis is placed on the critical thinking that goes into using and interpreting data in public health applications.
Prerequisite: PH303: Biostatistics 1
PH310 Public Health Law and Ethics (Fall)
Public health law examines the government’s authority, at various jurisdictional levels, to improve the health of the general population within societal limits and norms. Public health ethics seek to understand and clarify principles and values that guide public health actions, offering a framework for making decisions and a means of justifying them.
PH 311 Global Public Health (Spring)
Explores global public health and global health challenges affecting people primarily in developing or resource-constrained countries. Cultural competency concepts will be embedded. Examine basic principles of global public health, culture and health behavior, social determinants of health, the burden of disease (infectious, chronic, mental health), reproductive health, complex humanitarian emergencies, and global health agencies and collaborations.
PH312 Public Health and Food Systems (Summer)
Eating is an everyday act for most of us, one that profoundly affects our health and wellbeing. As we face an unprecedented obesity epidemic with associated chronic diseases, our food systems are becoming increasingly consolidated, globalized and complex. Students will explore food systems’ influence on public health, and how technology, policy, biology, epidemiology, and historical knowledge can support a healthier food system.
PH314 Environmental Risk & Communication (Fall)
Risk assessment is a scientific approach to identifying and quantifying risks to public health and the environment. Communicating health risk in relation to environmental issues is complicated by social, economic, political and scientific factors. This course explores theory, policy and techniques for environmental risk communication from the viewpoints of government, industry, special interest groups, and the general public.
PH315 Public Health Surveillance: Tracking Health Behaviors and Disease (Fall)
Surveillance of infectious and non-infectious diseases, as well as health behaviors and population characteristics, is fundamental to nearly all fields of modern public health practice. By definition, public health surveillance is the “ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of outcome-specific data for use in the planning, implementation, and evaluation of public health practice” (CDC/ATSDR). To understand the practice of surveillance, students will examine many examples of surveillance systems from the developed and developing world with emphasis on U.S. State and Federal systems.
Prerequisite: PH302 Epidemiology 1
PH318 Improving Health of Patients and Populations (Summer)
This course uses population health as a context to develop students’ knowledge and appreciation of the impact of chronic conditions and social determinants, including culture, on health, linking care of individual patients and populations. Students will discover how social determinants of health (related to “place”) impact the health of populations and individual patients. Finally, students will apply these principles to the specific chronic conditions prevalent in the population of individuals over the age of 65, and evidence-based strategies to prevent and manage disease in this population.
PH319 Environmental Public Health Law and Policy (Spring)
This course provides a comprehensive overview of the major U.S. environmental public health laws and the approaches, strategies, standards, and enforcement techniques by which American law protects our environmental and our health. The focus of the course is on what law consists of, who makes it, how it is made, and how it is enforced. Students will be introduced to the major environmental laws and will evaluate issues, controversies, and developments in environmental health policy.
PH322 One Health: Zoonoses (Fall 2017)
Zoonoses and vector-borne disease account for the majority of emerging and re-emerging diseases, and most bioterrorism agents are zoonotic. The role of other animals as reservoirs and transmitters of disease requires consideration of human, animal and environmental factors. In this course, students will examine the drivers that influence infection in animals and humans including: weather and climate, land use, biodiversity, poverty, globalization, domestication, population pressure, and anthropogenic change.
PH324 Public Health Informatics (Fall)
Public Health Informatics is an emerging field that seeks to employ information technology tools and methods in order to address public health challenges and improve public health practice. Because data is the currency of public health professionals, informatics is essential to successful and efficient completion of public health goals given its fundamental role in every step of the data life cycle: collection, storage, analysis, representation and dissemination.
PH325 Investigating Disease Outbreaks (Fall)
Field epidemiology is the term used for the investigation of outbreaks that are creating current, urgent health problems, and to inform the selection and implementation of appropriate interventions. In conducting such investigations, epidemiologists work with colleagues from a variety of disciplines (e.g., laboratory science, environmental health, communications, clinical medicine, governmental agencies). Students will gain insight to the importance of understanding outbreak investigation principles for health professionals working in these settings.
PH326 Legal Issues in Health Care (Spring)
This course provides students with an overview of the legal environment as it affects the provision of health care. Utilizing court decisions and other law, the course explores medical malpractice, negligence, liability (physician, product, and corporate), intellectual property, criminal aspects of health care, patient consent and rights, health care reform, and compliance with such laws as Medicaid, Medicare, and HIPAA.
PH327 Climate Change and Human Health (Spring)
Following an introduction to climate science, this course explores the associated health risks, including respiratory disease, vector-borne disease, food-borne disease, malnutrition, mental health, and disaster-related illness. Students explore how these changing health risks vary by geography and socio-demographics resulting in differences in population vulnerabilities.
PH328 Epidemiology for Practice (Spring)
Epidemiology is the basic science of understanding disease and health at the population level. This course is designed to teach students basic concepts and terminology of epidemiology and how epidemiology is used in determining causes of disease, public health practice, and healthcare delivery. The focus is less on detailed mathematical analyses and more on applications of epidemiologic principles. This course is ideal for health administrators, health care and public health practitioners, and students seeking an introduction to epidemiology.
Jan Carney, MD, MPH
Associate Dean for Public Health and Professor of Medicine, UVM College of Medicine
Clinical Professor, Department of Medical Laboratory and Radiation Sciences,UVM College of Nursing and Health Sciences
Education: AB, Middlebury College, 1976; MD, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 1981; residency and chief residency in internal medicine, University of Vermont/Medical Center; MPH Harvard School of Public Health,1987; board-certified in Internal Medicine and Preventive Medicine
Dr. Carney served as Vermont’s commissioner of health from 1989 to 2003, for three gubernatorial administrations. During this time, she created and led the “Healthy Vermonters” initiative, credited by the Burlington Free Press with helping “make Vermonters among the healthiest of Americans and certainly among the best educated about the condition of public health in their state.” Dr. Carney is an experienced teacher, practitioner, and leader in public health. She was Vermont’s first recipient of a Local Legend Award, a collaboration between the American Medical Women’s Association and the National Library of Medicine to highlight the contribution of women physicians around the country. Recipients are nominated by members of Congress.
Lynn Zanardi Blevins, MD, MPH
Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine, UVM College of Medicine
Education: BA, Drew University, 1991; MD, Medical College of Virginia 1995; MPH, Boston University, 1998
Dr. Blevins is a medical epidemiologist interested in human health within the context of broad environmental factors, including infectious agents. After completing a residency in preventive medicine, she trained at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as an Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) Officer. Dr. Blevins has worked in the areas of infectious diseases, immunizations, environmental health, and emergency preparedness. Her areas of interest include how food systems affect public health and the relationship between the health of humans, animals, and the environment (One Health).
William C. Bress, PhD
Adjunct Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacology, UVM College of Medicine
Education: BA, C.W. Post College, 1971; MS, St. John’s University, 1978; PhD, St. John’s University, 1984
Dr. Bress has more than 40 years of experience in clinical, forensic, and environmental toxicology.
In his 26 years as state toxicologist at the Vermont Department of Health, Dr. Bress participated in many town, state, and federal public meetings dealing with environmental health issues. He has worked in clinical laboratories, crime labs, and medical examiners’ offices, and he spent 10 years as a member of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s National Advisory Committee on Acute Exposure Guidelines. In addition to teaching, Dr. Bress is currently consulting on emergency-preparedness issues.
Thomas Delaney, PhD
Research Associate Professor of Pediatrics, UVM College of Medicine
Education: BA, Rutgers University-New Brunswick/Piscataway, 1995; MA, University of Denver, 1999; PhD, University of Denver, 2004
Since 2002, Dr. Delaney has been an applied researcher with the Vermont Child Health Improvement Program, where he has worked on a wide range of topics, including evaluating quality improvement efforts in the healthcare system. Currently, Dr. Delaney is funded by grants from the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration to evaluate the effectiveness Vermont’s mental health system in serving young adults who are experiencing mental health and related challenges and to study the efficacy of a treatment approach for children and families who have experienced trauma.
Heidi Gortakowski, MPH
Clinical Instructor, Department of Medicine, UVM College of Medicine
Education: BA in Science, Technology & Society, Vassar College; MPH in Epidemiology, Yale School of Public Health
After completing her degree in public health, Heidi Gortakowski accepted an applied epidemiology fellowship with the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists at the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. In addition to her work in HIV surveillance, Heidi focused on using GIS to map the prevalence and burden of HIV in New York. She is currently an epidemiologist at the Vermont Department of Health working in performance management. As the performance improvement manager, she oversees performance accountability and leads the department in its efforts to build infrastructure that supports the effective use of data to drive governmental decision making. Heidi sits on the advisory board for the CSTE Applied Epidemiology Fellowship and has contributed to peer-reviewed literature in the fields of HIV, asthma, physical activity, tobacco, and workforce development.
Valerie Harder, PhD, MHS
Research Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, UVM College of Medicine
Education: BS, Northwestern University, 1999; MHS, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 2005; PhD, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, 2008
Catherine Hamilton, PhD
Lecturer, UVM Business School and UVM College of Medicine, Vice President of Consumer Services and Planning, Blue Cross/Blue Shield of Vermont
Education:BA, Bowdoin College, 1988; PhD, Robert Wagner School of Public Service, New York University, 2001
Dr. Hamilton has worked in health care policy, management, finance, and administration for 25 years in a variety of public, private, and not-for-profit organizations. Her areas of expertise are in strategic planning, health care finance, health care reform policy, and programs to expand health insurance coverage. Dr. Hamilton oversees strategic planning, health care reform, Medicare, and individual markets and customer service for Vermont’s largest health insurance plan, Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Vermont. Prior to her position at BCBSVT, she worked as a regulator of health plans at the Mayor’s Office of Medicaid Managed Care in New York City. She is a part-time lecturer at UVM of Health Care Management and Strategic Planning in Health Care and serves as the director of the Health Care Management Program.
Amanda G. Kennedy, PharmD, BCPS
Associate Professor of Medicine, UVM Center for Clinical and Translational Science, UVM College of Medicine
Education:PharmD, Northeastern University, 2000; Graduate Certificate in Human Factors, University of Queensland, Austrailia, 2007
Hendrika Maltby, PhD
Professor of Nursing, UVM College of Nursing and Health Sciences
Education: BA, University of Windsor, 1975; BScN, University of Windsor, 1976; MScN, University of Western Ontario, 1986; PhD, Curtin University of Technology, 1997
Dr. Maltby’s background is in public health nursing, and she has taught in Canada, Australia, South Korea, Malaysia, and, since January 2000, at UVM. She is interested in community partnerships that provide a holistic approach to enhance the health and quality of life of populations. In addition, she conducts a yearly faculty-led program in Bangladesh for nursing and physical therapy students. Dr. Maltby’s research, publications, and conference presentations reflect community-based issues, with current projects examining cultural immersion and cultural competency development.
Donna O’Malley, MLS
Library Associate Professor, University of Vermont
Education: BA, Bryn Mawr College, 1983; MLS, University of California, Los Angeles, 1985
Donna’s focus is on the education of university and hospital clinicians, researchers, and students, and on extending the UVM Dana Medical Library’s virtual services. Specific projects include assessment of the needs of user groups, development and evaluation of new workshops, creation of a unified library education program, website usability studies, and the evaluation of new online information access and use tools for use by students and faculty. Donna oversees public health students’ final course related to presentation of their culminating project.
Betty Rambur, DNSC
Professor of Nursing and Health Policy, UVM College of Medicine and UVM College of Nursing and Health Sciences
Education: BS, University of Mary, 1978; MS, Rush University, 1988; DNSC, Rush University, 1991
A leader in advocacy of the nurse’s role in contemporary and future society, Dr. Rambur strives to support innovation and build committed communities of inquiry that transcend boundaries of disciplines, institutions, and nations. Her research examines moral distress; eustress and the virtuous organization; organizational culture and workforce; and moral development. Her interests include movement meditation, Buddhism, healer self-development, and self-mastery. In addition, Dr. Rambur has served in numerous leadership positions, including service on the Board of Trustees of the Fletcher Allen Health Care (now the UVM Medical Center) and as dean of the College of Nursing and Health Sciences. In 2007-2008, she was selected nationally as one of 38 American Council on Education Fellows, a leadership development program preparing individuals for senior positions in university administration.
Linda L. Roberts, MHS
Education Instructor, Department of Medicine UVM College of Medicine
Education:BS in Nursing, Wayne State University, 1984; MHS in Genetic Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Heath, 2002
Linda Roberts is an epidemiologist with experience in health care delivery, the pharmaceutical and genetic testing industries, community non-profit organizations, and academics. She has research experience in applied genetic epidemiology, clinical trials, biomarkers of inflammation, and the epidemiology of sleep disorders and cardiovascular disease. Linda has also been involved in national and international genetics educational initiatives through the American Society of Human Genetics and as co-chair of the Education Working Group’s Human Variome Project, an international consortium of genetics professionals that aims to apply genetic variation data for clinical benefit. Since 2009, she has worked with local community youth coalitions on projects studying and designing interventions for youth alcohol and substance abuse prevention. Since 2007, she has taught research methods to undergraduate students in allied health sciences and epidemiologic methods to nursing and medical students at the University of Vermont.
William Wargo, Esq.
Education:AB, Columbia College; MSW, Hunter School of Social Work; JD, New York University School of Law
William Wargo served as the Vermont Health Department’s legal counsel for more than 15 years. Before that, he worked as a social worker in New York City, assisting foster children, counseling disabled veterans and initiating a creative writing group for them, providing individual and family counseling to recovering drug addicts, working with Bowery alcoholics and beginning a softball league for them, and providing emergency therapeutic services for people in crisis. As a lawyer, he has managed two legal services offices (one providing services to low-income people on New York City’s Lower East Side and the other providing services to prisoners) and served as the Winooski city attorney for 10 years. He has taught law for about 20 years at St. Michael’s College and also has taught courses on many subjects, including constitutional law, Shakespeare, sociology, and Vermont history, at Community College of Vermont.
Vicki Hart, PhD
Clinical instructor, UVM College of Medicine
Owner and Principal, Hart DataWorks LLC
Education: BS in Mechanical Engineering, Cornell University, 1999; MS in Biostatistics, University of Vermont, 2010; PhD in Epidemiology, University of Massachusetts Amherst, 2014.
Dr. Hart is an epidemiologist and biostatistician interested in using data and statistical analysis to support healthcare and other organizations in improving public health in our communities. Dr. Hart’s academic research focused on risk factors associated with breast cancer development and quality of life after treatment for non-invasive breast cancer. Prior to graduate school, Dr. Hart worked in aerospace manufacturing engineering and operations management. This applied background informs her focus on the application of epidemiologic and biostatistics methods in practice.
Susan E. Schoenfeld, MSPH
Instructor, Department of Medicine, UVM College of Medicine
Education: BS Education, University of Vermont, 1975; AD Nursing, University of Vermont, 1982; Master of Science, Public Health, University of Massachusetts-Amherst, 1989.
Susan Schoenfeld worked at the Vermont Department of Health for 25 years, serving as the Epidemiology Field Unit Chief and Deputy State Epidemiologist. Her job responsibilities included managing Vermont’s TB Program (2005-2014) and working as the State’s Refugee Health Coordinator (2008-2014), bioterrorism preparedness planning, and coordinating Vermont’s participation in the US-Canada Eastern Border Health Initiative. Susan retired from the Health Department in 2014. Since then, she has worked in West Africa as a CDC contractor (Guinea and Liberia spring 2015; Guinea, Spring 2016), with work responsibilities including Ebola surveillance and response to measles and polio outbreaks. She teaches Investigating Disease Outbreaks.
Shayla Livingston, MPH
Department of Medicine, UVM College of Medicine; Vermont Department of Health
Shayla was born and raised in Sharon, Vermont. She attended undergraduate school at Smith College and received her master’s in public health from U.C. Berkeley, with a focus on maternal and child health. She began working for the Vermont Department of Health in June of 2012 where she was an analyst in the Division of Health Surveillance focused on epidemiology for the Alcohol and Drug Abuse Programs, coordination of the Youth Risk Behaviors Survey, analysis of the Vermont Prescription Monitoring System data and evaluation of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention opioid overdose prevention grant. She transitioned to the role of public health policy advisor in July of 2016. Shayla is also a member of her local school board and an avid skier, runner, and mountain biker.
Sarah Vose, Ph.D.
Instructor, University of Vermont Graduate Public Health Program
Education: B.S. in Molecular Biology, Vanderbilt University, 1999; PhD in Molecular Toxicology, University of California, Berkeley, 2008.
Sarah’s Ph.D. research focused on pesticide metabolism and chemistry, and potential biomarkers for neurotoxicity. She went on to complete post-doctoral training at Harvard School of Public Health in Boston, Massachusetts, in the Genetics and Complex Diseases Department. Sarah studied Cockayne Syndrome, a progeria caused by defective DNA repair. In 2012, Sarah accepted the State Toxicologist position at the Vermont Department of Health, in Burlington. Sarah oversees risk assessments, cyanobacteria monitoring, private drinking water, chemical emergency response, and the Chemical Disclosure Program for Children’s Products.
Abigail Crocker, PhD
Research Asssistant Professor, Department of Mathematics and Statistics
Education: BA, McGill University, 1998; MS Biostatistics, University of Vermont, 2004; PhD Clinical and Translational Sciences, University of Vermont, 2013
Charles Hulse, MD, PhD
Associate Professor, Department of Family Medicine, UVM College of Medicine
Heidi Hales, PhD
Clinical Instructor, UVM College of Medicine
Education: BA, University of Pennsylvania, 1993; MA in Conservation Biology, University of Pennsylvania; PhD, Plant and Soil Science, University of Vermont
Christopher A. Jones, PhD
Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery
Director, Global Health Economics
Education: BS, University of Michigan; MS Human Biology, University of Oxford, Oxford, England, 2000; PhD Health Economics, University of Oxford, Oxford, England, 2006